The frequency of how often a forklift receives a routine maintenance check-up plays a major role in the performance and longevity of your equipment.

OSHA has their own requirements for the maintenance of forklifts. According to their guidelines, if a forklift is not “in safe operating condition, it should not be used. They also require “all repairs shall be made by authorized personnel.” Keeping OSHA’s requirements in mind, there are a few ways to determine how often your lift trucks should be serviced.

Hours of Operation vs Time

Most forklift companies will recommend servicing your lift truck based on usage intervals and time intervals. Usage intervals are measured using pedal hours or key hours while time intervals are measured in days and months.

We recommend your forklift is serviced based on hours used. Here is what a maintenance schedule based on hours looks like:

Every 200 hours a full service is recommended.

A qualified technician should:

  • Install a new fuel filter
  • Grease of chassis and mast components
  • Adjust ignition timing and engine idle speed
  • Change the oil and install a new oil filter
  • Install a new air filter
  • Inspect the lift, distributor point, drive belt tension, spark plugs, cap and rotor

Every 600 hours, the hydraulic system should be serviced. A technician should:

  • Replace hydraulic oil
  • Inspect the lift chain tension, pedal free play, mast operation, carriage rollers, lift and tilt cylinder operation, hand brake, hydraulic oil pump, differential and transmission oil, fuel filter, PCV valve, and hoses
  • Clean the radiator
  • Replace the fuel filter
  • Replace the hydraulic filter
  • Adjust the clutch release bearing, mast support bushing, tilt cylinder pins and chassis links

Understanding preventative maintenance can impact your operation and save you money.